Home >   Medical Conditions >   Craniofacial Conditions

also known as
Mis-shapen/twisted head/skull

Common Description

Craniosynostosis, a medical condition in which some or all of the sutures in the skull of an infant or child close too early, causing problems with normal brain and skull growth.

When born a babies skull consists 45 separate bony elements. As growth occurs, many of these bony elements gradually fuse together into solid bone, allowing for growth of the brain.

When these bony elements fuse too early the shape of the skull/cranium can become distorted.

Medical Description

Metopic synostosis, sagittal synostosis, unicoronal synostosis, lamdoid synostosis.


  • Scaphocephaly or Boat-Head (sagittal synostosis) - The skull is long and narrow, like a boat upside down. The forehead is usually high and prominent. It is associated with premature fusion of the anterior fontanelle and sagittal suture.
  • Trigonocephaly (metopic synostosis) - A median bony ridge extends from the point between the eyebrows to the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures. When seen from above the head does appear wedge shaped. It is associated with premature fusion of the metopic suture.
  • Frontal Plagiocephaly (unicoronal synostosis) - One sided flattending and recesion of the frontal bone and a boney ride over the eye with the eyebrow elevated on the affected side. There can also be asymmetry of nose and ear.
  • Occipital Plagiocephaly (lamdoid synostosis) - Flattening of the back of skull on one side. The face will almost always look symmetrical, but on closer inspection there can be prominence of the eye and forehead on the affected side.

Our Recommendation

Contact Professor David's rooms. If surgery is required to "un-fuse" the skull bones it is usually done before: 12 months.

Every child is different and management will vary for each individual, but usually a plain x-ray is done, a neurosurgeon is consulted along with Professor David and surgery is discussed with parents in great detail. Your child will then be followed up over a number of years so that progress and outcomes can be assessed.

Treatment Protocol

Professor David, has developed a protocol, in conjunction with the Australian Craniofacial Unit, that incorporates a multidisciplinary approach to treatment.


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Contact Information

David David Medical Services
226 Melbourne Street
North Adelaide
South Australia, 5006
T (61) 8 8267 1466
F (61) 8 8267 3403